Wholesale Markets

Wholesale Markets

As London grew during the 20th century, transport underwent dramatic developments. In the City's flourishing wholesale markets, porters and horse-drawn carts were replaced with motorised vehicles.

Traffic congestion around them increased as the markets expanded. During the second half of the 20th century, most wholesale markets were forced to move to sites outside central London.


Billingsgate market, One of London's most ancient, was originally on what is now Lower Thames Street. At the beginning of the 20th century, it was a thriving wholesale fish market.

Little over 80 years later, Billingsgate relocated to Popular in east London. Today it is the United Kingdom's largest inland fish market.


Livestock has been bought and sold on the Smithfield site for over 800 years. The current wholesale meat market was established by the 1860 Metropolitan Meat and Poultry Market Act.

Bookmark with:

  • What are these?