London began the 20th century as the capital of the world's largest Empire and Britain's dominant city. One third of the entire trade of Great Britain passed through London's docks.
Royal occasions such as the coronation of King Edward VII emphasised London's role as the national capital. But London was also a forcing house for change. The decade saw rising political unrest in the capital as women and working men stepped up their demands to be given the vote. London's local government began a new era as 28 new metropolitan boroughs took over the management of districts in inner London.
London's population, 1901
Greater London: 6,506,889 people
Inner London: 4,536,267 people
London's economy and jobs
London was Britain's largest industrial centre. Roughly five million Londoners had jobs in 1900, 40% of which were in manufacturing or heavy industry. Inner-city districts, such as Clerkenwell and Soho, were riddled with small workshops. Large factories tended to be located on the river to the east of the City. Woolwich Arsenal and Beckton Gasworks were among the largest plants of their type in Europe.
London's largest single source of jobs was the massive docks complex. The workforce was made up of over 20,000 men, plus many more taken on daily as casual labourers. In 1909 the private companies that ran the Docks were brought together in a new public trust, the Port of London Authority. Around a third of London's workforce were women, a higher proportion than nationally, but including over 200,000 women in domestic service.
- 1900 London's new metropolitan boroughs created
- 1901 Smallpox epidemic kills over 2,000 Londoners
- 1901 Funeral of Queen Victoria
- 1902 Coronation of Edward VII
- 1908 Olympic Games at White City.
- 1900 New building for the Royal Courts of Justice, 'the Old Bailey'
- 1901 New building for Harrods department store in Knightsbridge
- 1908 Selfridges in Oxford Street, the first American-style department store.
- 1901 First electric tram runs
- 1904 First motor bus runs (from Peckham to Oxford Circus)
- 1906 Piccadilly Line opens
- 1906 Vauxhall Bridge opens.
What are these?
Social Bookmarking allows users to save and categorise a personal collection of bookmarks and share them with others. This is different to using your own browser bookmarks which are available using the menus within your web browser. Use the links below to share this article on the social bookmarking site of your choice. Read more about social bookmarking at Wikipedia - Social Bookmarking.