Hounslow

The London Borough of Hounslow was created in 1965 by amalgamating the former Municipal Boroughs of Brentford, Chiswick, Heston and Isleworth and the former Urban District of Feltham. Hounslow is an outer London borough on the western edge of Greater London. The River Thames is the borough's southern boundary.

Population change

1966: 207,320 people
1998: 209,500 people

Like many other London boroughs, Hounslow was predominantly rural until the 19th century, although Chiswick, at its eastern end, was a fashionable Georgian suburb. The Grand Union Canal runs through the borough and its canal-side areas have always attracted industry, as has the riverside. During the 20th century, industrial estates were built alongside the River Thames.

Further industrial development came with the building of the Great West Road in the 1920s. The borough's well-known manufacturing companies included Gillette Industries Limited, Wilkinson Sword Co Limited, GlaxoSmithKline, and Firestone tyres. Most of the landmark factories belonging to these firms closed in the 1960s and 70s.

Heathrow Airport is in the neighbouring borough of Hillingdon, but it has affected Hounslow since its opening in 1946. By the end of the 20th century, Heathrow Airport was an important source of jobs for Hounslow residents, but constant flights also created noise and pollution.

There are many historic sites and buildings within the borough such as Gunnersbury Park House in Brentford, Hogarth House in Chiswick and Syon House and Park in Isleworth. Syon House is the home of the Dukes of Northumberland and was built in the 16th century by Prince Edward, later King Edward VI. The house was built on the site of a 14th-century Abbey named Syon after Mount Zion in the Holy Land.

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