Haringey

The London Borough of Haringey was created in 1965 by the merger of three old districts of Middlesex: Hornsey, Wood Green and Tottenham. It lies to the north of the City of London and is bordered by the boroughs of Enfield, Barnet, Camden, Islington, Hackney and Waltham Forest.

Population change

1966: 254,650 people
1998: 219,800 people

By the end of the century the borough's population included a rich mix of ethnicities, with a particularly strong Black African population. Finsbury Park Mosque was built in 1990 to serve Haringey's growing Muslim population.Haringey was heavily built up in the 19th century. During the 20th century, it became the site of London County Council cottage estates, notably at White Hart Lane in Tottenham, which was developed between 1903 and 1913. Its post-war housing includes the Broadwater Farm Estate in Tottenham, which became notorious in 1981 when a night of rioting resulted in considerable damage and the death of a policeman. After the riots, the estate was extensively renovated.

One of Haringey's most important 20th-century sites is Alexandra Palace, from where the first television broadcasts were made by the B.B.C. in 1936. The palace itself was built on Muswell Hill in 1873 as a public entertainment and recreation centre. It incorporated a concert hall, art gallery, museum, library and theatre. The building was surrounded by 196 acres of parkland and landscaped gardens that included a racetrack, ornamental ponds and funfair.

Just seven days after the palace opened, it burnt to the ground in a terrible fire, but the site was used by the B.B.C. for radio and television broadcasts. The palace was rebuilt and reopened in 1975. It was nicknamed the 'People's Palace' and 'Ally Pally'.

Another well-known local landmark in the borough is Bruce Castle. William Compton, a member of the court of King Henry VIII, built the castle as a manor house in the 16th century. In 1906, the castle opened as a museum, and it is now used by many members of the local community as well as being an attraction for tourists.

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