Clubs 1950-2000

Clubs 1950-2000

The second half of the 20th century saw a new generation of London clubs as new musical styles put their mark on the capital.

Jazz clubs

The first modern jazz club, Club 11 opened in Great Windmill Street in 1947. It was founded by a group of modernist minded jazz musicians, led by the saxophonist Ronnie Scott. A drugs bust brought the venture to an end althought the premises eventually reopened as Cy Laurie's jazz club.

In 1959 Scott and fellow-musician Peter King opened another club on Gerrard Street in Soho to showcase British and American jazz musicians. In 1965 'Ronnies' moved to bigger premises in Frith Street.

Other jazz clubs included the Blue Note in Hoxton, the Jazz Caf in Camden and the Vortex in Stoke Newington.

Rhythm and Blues clubs

One of the greatest of London's music clubs, the Marquee, was founded in 1958 in an old ball room in Oxford Street. In 1964 it moved to Wardour Street where it hosted successive waves of musical styles. In 1988 it moved to Charing Cross Road.

The 100 club began life in 1942 as a jazz club in the basement of Mac's Restaurant at 100 Oxford Street. Unlike the Marquee it remained in the same premises for the rest of the century.

Soho's other clubs of the 1960s included the Flamingo, founded in 1952 and famous for its all-nighters. The Roaring Twenties on Carnaby Street featured rhythm and blues and ska music from the Jamaican DJ Count Suckle. Founded in 1944, the Caribbean Club in Denman Street had 3,000 members.

Psychedelic, rock and punk clubs

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