Buildings 1900-1950

Many of London's now iconic buildings were constructed in the first half of the 20th century.

County Hall stands on Westminster Bridge Road. It is the former headquarters of the London County Council and later the Greater London Council (G.L.C). Ralph Knott designed the main building in an Edwardian baroque style. Construction started in 1911 and King George V and Queen Mary opened the building in 1922. The North, South and Island buildings were completed later: the last in 1974.

By the end of the 20th century, County Hall was a Grade II listed building. It housed the Saatchi Gallery, Dali Universe and the London Aquarium as well as hotels, restaurants and residential housing.

The building beneath the Oxo Tower on Barge House Street in Southwark was originally a late 19th-century small power station. The Liebig Extract of Meat Company, manufacturers of Oxo stock cubes, bought the building in the late 1920s. The building was largely reconstructed to an Art Deco-style design between 1928 and 29. Company architect Albert W Moore used clever window placement to incorporate the word OXO into its tower design, thereby circumventing a council rule prohibiting large-scale advertising.

The Oxo Tower was abandoned by the 1970s and threatened with demolition, but then saved by a community campaign in 1984. It reopened in 1996 after extensive refurbishment that created residential housing, a restaurant, shops and an exhibition space.

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